02. September 2012 · Kommentare deaktiviert für EU Think-Tank zu Arabellion und Boat-people · Kategorien: Europa, Italien, Lesetipps, Libyen, Tunesien · Tags: , ,

Der CEPS-Think-Tank veröffentlicht zwei Studien zur Mittelmeer-Politik der EU. Themen sind der massenhafte Tod von Boat-people und die EU-Antwort auf die Arabellion. Bei der Bestandsaufnahme zu beiden Themen zeigen sich die Autoren von dem Scherbenhaufen beeindruckt, den die EU hinterlässt. Denken und Empfehlungen der Studien verbleiben auf traditionellen zwischenstaatlichen und juristischen Ebenen stecken und hinterlassen einen pessimistischen Gesamteindruck.

Leonhard den Hertog: „Two Boats in the Mediterranean and their Unfortunate Encounters with Europe’s Policies towards People on the Move“

This paper examines two recent events in which people on the move making their way from Libya to Europe across the Mediterranean were either abandoned to die at sea or ‘pushed back’ (Hirsi case). It argues that these two cases are not incidental or isolated but rather part of a broader situation of concern in the Mediterranean. The paper highlights this situation and also connects it to Europe’s response to migratory flows during the Arab Spring. On the basis of independent reports, case law and first-hand accounts, it attributes these tragedies to two fundamental structural deficiencies in Europe’s approach to people on the move in the Mediterranean: 1) a general lack of accountability, among the most salient of which are the lack of legal clarity for SAR (search & rescue) and disembarkation obligations as well as a lack of monitoring of what actually happens in the Mediterranean and 2) a lack of solidarity amongst European states as well as across the Mediterranean. The paper then goes on to propose recommendations to correct those cross-cutting deficiencies.


No. 48 LdH Two boats

Sergio Carrera, Leonhard den Hertog, Joanna Parkin: „EU Migration Policy in the wake of the Arab Spring: What prospects for EU-Southern Mediterranean Relations?“

The outbreak of the Arab Spring and the unrest, revolution and war that followed during the course of 2011 have forced the EU to acknowledge the need to radically re-think its policy approach towards the Southern Mediterranean, including in the domain of migration. Migration and mobility now feature as key components of High Representative Catherine Ashton’s new framework for cooperation with the region (Partnership for Democracy and Shared Prosperity), while the EU has declared its intention to strengthen its external migration policy by setting up “mutually beneficial” partnerships with third countries – so-called ‘Dialogues for Migration, Mobility and Security’ –  now placed at the centre of the EU’s renewed Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (GAMM). However, the success of this approach and its potential to establish genuine cooperative partnerships that will support smooth economic and political transformation in North Africa hinge on the working arrangements and institutional configurations shaping the renewed GAMM at EU level which has long been marked by internal fragmentation, a lack of transparency and a predominance of home affairs and security actors.

This paper investigates the development of the Dialogues for Migration, Mobility and Security with the Southern Mediterranean in a post-Lisbon Treaty institutional setting. It asks to what extent has the application of the Lisbon Treaty and the creation of an “EU Foreign Minister” in High Representative Ashton, supported by a European External Action Service (EEAS), remedied or re-invigorated the ideological and institutional struggles around the implementation of the Global Approach? Who are the principal agents shaping and driving the Dialogues for Migration, Mobility and Security? Who goes abroad to speak on the behalf of the EU in these Dialogues and what impact does this have on the effectiveness, legitimacy and accountability of the Dialogues under the renewed GAMM as well as the wider prospects for the Southern Mediterranean?


MEDPRO TR 15 EU Migration Policy in wake of Arab Spring

Beitrag teilen

Kommentare geschlossen.